Designer : Anna Lambert
Title: Mushroom Personalities
There are three types of Fungi, namely; Saprobic, Parasitic and Symbiotic Fungi. The type of Fungi determines the type of relationship they have with their environment.
Saprobic Fungi includes a great deal of different species but all of them share one personality trait. This Fungi only grows on dead organic matter and they are the Jedi masters of decomposition. Some Fungi does attack timber used in construction which may lead to them not always being beneficial but most of them are beneficial to the environment. They simplify their substrates to easier compounds ultimately returning it back to the soil again.
Parasitic Fungi is a generalised term used for a vast variation of species but they are classified by their parasitic nature, meaning they attack living plants, animals and organisms. Unfortunately when man interferes with nature things gets unbalanced, such as crops being planted over large areas and when parasitic fungi attacks the crops it ultimately causes food shortage and starvation. The parasitic fungi also attacks animals and humans causing nasty diseases and infections. Some Fungi even attack certain insects but they are not just killers they do have a purpose. In natural environments they balance the environment by killing out the weaker, to allow more space and substance for the stronger species in the environment.
Symbiotic Fungi is identified through the symbiotic relationship they have with their environments meaning they form relationships that are beneficial to both partners. For example mushrooms classified under the genus Termitomyces has an association with wood eating termites. The termites cultivate these mushrooms by collecting their spores and planting them in specially prepared combs. In return when the mushrooms mature they are harvested and fed to the young termites as a special food source. Another common example which includes many species would be an association between the Fungi and a plant. Both the partners need each other in their environments to grow because they both produce chemicals required for both partners to survive.
Subsequently mushrooms and other fungi generally has short life spans but they are important characters in nature. They are great decomposers, function as rich food sources, aids nature in balance and the majority of grasses, trees and plants require a mycorrhizal relationship with fungi to survive.
Some people dislikes mushroom but the mushroom is actually a fun-gi. What exactly is the purpose of these alienated species? I did some research and it turns out that they are definitely not housing for fairies and dwarfs. Many species of Fungi are decomposers, they contain enzymes which assists in producing required nutrients for the soil. They also live in association (have a relationship) with insects and plants in very particular environments.
Fungi relies entirely on its environment for its sustenance, meaning that they depend on a specific blend of complex organic nutrients derived from dead plant and animal matter. So the purpose of Fungi in nature depends on the specific nutrition growth or changes in a given environment. They play an important part and various species of mushrooms has an association with specific species of plants in its environment. This association is called ‘mycorrhizal’ is a Greek term used to describe that they cannot grow without each other even though the relationship is not always beneficial to both.
Photographer: L, Marcus
MarcusL, (2014), h [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/8b7639 [Accessed 9 August 2016].
Luokexi2, (2012), l [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/93cb9e [Accessed 9 August 2016].
A Mushroom is technically a Fungi and fungi display a vast diversity in forms, thus making mushroom identification a complex procedure.
The classification and division of organisms are labelled in Latin or Greek, it is a standard procedure implemented by biologist Carl Linnaeus during the period of 1707–1778. Linnaeus published his books in Latin because at the time Latin was used in Western Europe as the language of science and the scientific labels were in both Greek and Latin. Linnaeus books are recognised worldwide as the origin of labelling taxonomy.
The taxonomy of Fungi are divided into ranks, typically the higher ranks of the taxonomy has the smallest number of shared characteristics amongst the species of Fungi, whereas the lower ranks of classifications has more characteristics in common.
To identify a mushroom or a fungi, every aspect of it needs to be carefully observed and compared. The relevant characteristics include the shape, colour, texture, and smell of the Fungi’s fruit body. It is also important to consider the mushroom’s geographical location and substrate of choice.
Whiterussian, (2013), a [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/8d082c [Accessed 9 August 2016].
The word “Mushroom” is a generalized term used to describe many species of fungi, but not all fungi are considered mushrooms. Members of the fungi family actually resemble plant life in some ways but the difference is that all fungi lack chlorophyll. This means that they are not capable of producing their own food unlike plants. Similar to animal life which draws theirs sustenance from organic matter, fungi are regarded as different from both animals and plants, and therefore they have their very own classification Kingdom called, the Fungi.
Fungi is a generalized term used to describe a vast variety of distinct organisms but there is a large difference between some species. Only a small percentage of fungi species create the notably large fruit bodies that we recognize as mushrooms. Many Fungi species create smaller fruit bodies making the “mushrooms” more difficult to see but most Fungi specie’s produce fruit bodies or fruit like structures that are only visible under a powerful microscope.
The term “Mushroom” derived from our ancestors referring to the edible fruit bodies of the agaric’s, the fungus of family Agaricaceae. This family of fungi is edible for humans and generally resembles the ordinary mushroom shape that we are so accustomed to, a stalk like structure topped with an arched or flat cap with gills underneath the cap. As our science began to understand fungi better, “toadstools” a term previously understood as inedible or poisonous also got included under the term mushroom.
The Fungi classified as mushrooms today usually grows in organic matter and the mushroom itself is a noticeable reproductive structure which consists of fibers called mycelium. Mushrooms grow seasonally and when they mature some part of them forms spores which are microscopic seeds which then gets dispersed.
Photographer: Dianne Hope
Diannehope, (2015), r [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/cb3c25 [Accessed 9 August 2016].
Title: Anna’s Introduction
My name is Anna and I am a third year Graphic Design student. History of Graphic Design is one of my theory subjects and we were given the task to write a blog on any topic of interest that we have. This is to demonstrate our understanding of the postmodern essence of pluralism and its relativity to focus on a specific topic for intensive research.
I chose mushrooms as my topic because I have an interest in all living organisms in our universe but mushroom are special to me. They remind me of my childhood due to the whimsical mushroom houses of fairies and dwarfs often spoke about in bedtime stories by my parents. They have always fascinated me, partly because I always wondered what it would feel like living in a mushroom but mostly because they are breathtakingly beautiful to me. Now that I am a Graphic Designer, mushrooms appeal to me because of their successful contour. They come in a variety of shapes and colors yet the simplicity of their design makes mushrooms an internationally known token, its shape recognized by most of the world’s population. In my line of studying, if you could achieve that level of success with a company’s logo or identity it means you have done your job well.
Photographer: Gaborfrom Hungary
GaborfromHungary, (2009), y [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/c2b202 [Accessed 9 August 2016].
Designer : Anna Lambert
Title: A Swiss Typographic Style Mushroom Poster