Photographer: Dodgerton Skillhause
DodgertonSkillhause, (2016), w [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/727b18 [Accessed 9 August 2016].
A mushroom is a type of fungi and all fungi have fibres referred to as hyphae and together these fibres make up a group called the mycelium. Mycelium allows the organism to absorb nutrients. The mycelium of some species can survive dormant under soil or in its environment under specific conditions for extensive periods of time. When the perfect season and conditions arise each hypha would start extending itself until it reaches the surface of a host or a good source of sustenance. While the mycelium develops certain hyphae will mature into a reproductive unit capable of producing spores. These reproductive units differs greatly between fungi species but most of them produce spores. Depending on the type of fungi, spores can either be produced sexually, asexually or vegetatively.
The part of the fungus that we call the mushroom is the structure that you usually see above the soil, it is the part of the fungus that produces and disperse the spores. Every spore produced consists of a single cell capable of growing hypha that will eventually group and become another mycelium.