A Funny Mushroom

To the best of my blogging skills, here are some terrible mushroom related jokes that I knew, found, and edited.

What is an aircraft’s favourite mushroom?

Air-portabela.

 

What goes best with jacket potatoes?

Button Mushrooms

 

What type of room has no windows?

A mushroom

 

Why did the Fungi leave the club?

There wasn’t mushroom.

 

Why did the teen mushroom stay in school?

He didn’t want to get into any trouble

 

What do mushrooms eat around a campfire?

Spores

 

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Image: 21

Photographer: Skillhause, D

Reference: DodgertonSkillhause, (2016), v [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/ab4489 [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

 

 

Mushrooms are Natural Pesticides

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Image: 20

Photographer: Luokexi

Reference: Luokexi2, (2014), u [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/5acfd8 [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

 

Most commercial pesticides are harmful to human health as well as the natural environment. These pesticides contain harmful chemicals such as arsenic, benzene, ammonia, chlorine, formaldehyde, dioxins and glyphosate. These chemicals are harmful to people even in small amounts. Unfortunately these chemicals are in our conventionally produced food, and research shows that these chemicals badly effects our bodies.

Over the last decade we have had a massive decline in bee populations globally. Worldwide usage of pesticides not only effects the air but also the soil and water sources in the natural environment.

Fungus expert Paul Stamets is a leading-edge mycologist best known for announcing and spread the message of how mushrooms can save the world. Stamets was inspired to investigate after observing predatory insects such as termites and carpenter ants avoided certain fungus spores. During 2001, Stamets alternated the DNA of the fungus and modified it to a type of fungus that doesn’t need to reproduce sexually but asexually, meaning the fungus no longer needed to produced spores. This new-aged organism devours insects and also interacts with its own kind before it comes to the end of its short lived life. The fungus not only kills the insect but also grows a mushroom from its body and spreads spores that warn other insects to stay away from that area.

Stamets invention was a great success considering that it is effective on 200,000 different insect species.

A change to more organic pest-control strategies would benefit mankind, animal and plant life, and awesome mushroom pesticides is a good starting point.

Mushroom Medicine

Medicinal mushrooms can enhance and balance the immune system, as well as treat cancer. Research has proven that some mushrooms have a potential anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and liver conserving compounds. Mushrooms has a rich history of medicinal use throughout the world, especially in certain parts of Asia. Medical mushrooms such as the shiitake, Lentinula edodes, mannentake, Ganoderma lucidum and maitake, Grifola frondosa has been used by certain cultures for centuries.

CSIRO, Australia’s biggest food research organization confirmed the health benefits of some of these mushrooms during 2012. The report declared evidence of various uses such as, medical, dietary and other health benefits of medical mushrooms. The association stated that mushrooms are the most important fungi after penicillin.

 

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 Image: 19

Photographer: Hope, D

Reference: Diannehope, (2016), k [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/30a935 [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

The Psychedelic 60s

During 1960 a new form of art emerged amongst hippie subcultures in America. It was originally inspired by psychedelic trips artists had from using hallucinogenic drugs such as psilocybin (magic mushrooms), mescaline and LSD. This form of art was influenced by surrealism, art nouveau, Victorian art, and pop art. Characterised by hallucinations which would best be described as a distortion of perspective and awareness. Psychedelic art mostly has bright contrasting colors, curvilinear shapes, and text used to create parts of the image resulting in illegible type.

West Wilson was born in 1937 and famous for being one of the best-known designers of psychedelic art. He designed psychedelic posters for Bill Graham of the Fillmore in San Francisco and also created his own psychedelic font in 1966. His font gives an impression of movement or melting just like the psychedelic art characterized by its optical vibrating effects of graphic lines.

Victor Moscoso a trained Graphic Designer was born in Spain and moved to San Francisco during 1959. He is best-known for combining colors from the opposite end of the colour wheel, each having an equal usage of space, contrasted by light and dark to create an effect referred to as vibrating colors. He invented a visual style for psychedelic art and his type was illegible to compliment his designs.

Magic Mushrooms

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Image: 15

Photographer: Berthe, E

Reference: EricBerthe, (2014), j [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/80e916 [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

Psychoactive fungi commonly known as hallucinogenic mushrooms or magic mushrooms’ has hallucinogenic toxins, such as the psilocybin and psilocin compounds. Upon low doses of consumption these hallucinogenic mushrooms has a primary effect on the central nervous system. Symptoms cause’s perceptual distortions, visual alterations of reality, change of mood, clear-like awareness of surroundings and almost no effect on balance and memory. Even though the label suggest otherwise the use of hallucinogenic compounds rarely results in true hallucinations because of the vast diversity of chemical compounds in mushrooms and Fungi.

Magic mushrooms can be consumed in fresh form, dried, cooked, frozen and capsule powders. The majority of hallucinogenic mushrooms are small brown or tan coloured mushrooms and easily mistaken for a variety of inedible mushrooms with visual similarity. A genetic identification system has been developed to make fungi identification easier and more precise.

Presently, researchers are experimenting with psilocybin compounds as a potential treatment for d anxiety, depression and mental disorders.

 

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Image: 16

Photographer: Berthe, E

Reference: EricBerthe, (2014), i [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/80e916 [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

 

Poisonous Mushrooms

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Image: 13

Photographer: Tuco

Reference: Tuco, (2006), cd [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/a3010a [Accessed 9 August 2016].

 

Mushrooms have been picked and harvested by mankind for centuries and originally our ancestors referred to poisonous mushrooms as toadstools. Fortunately poisonous mushrooms only make up a small amount of organisms in the Fungi kingdom capable of being potentially being harmful or fatal when consumed. Poisonous mushrooms usually contain toxins and the chemical structure of these toxins vary depending on the specific species. The most common toxins found in mushrooms include protoplasmic, muscimol, hallucinogenic, and gastrointestinal toxins.

The infamous Death Cap, Amanita phalloides widely distributed across Europe, contains protoplasmic toxins. The protoplasmic toxin is a cyclopeptide, meaning the toxin’s molecules are made up of amino acids arranged in multiple strains. These toxins can show symptoms quickly or slowly depending which species of mushroom gets consumed. Symptoms include abdominal pains, diarrhea, vomiting, extreme fluid loss and exhaustion which can be fatal.

The Fly Agaric mushroom is most famous for being used by fairy-tale illustrators, but this mushroom contains the Muscimol toxin. Muscimol toxin is an ibotenic acid which affects the nervous system causing hallucinogenic experiences, these toxins usually show symptoms quickly. Other symptoms include blurred vision, profuse sweating, vomiting, blood pressure disturbances, delirium and sometimes convulsions. The intake of this toxin is very dangerous but not all poisonings can be fatal.

The ancient Aztecs of Mexico used a sacred mushroom as for thousands of years, they called it ‘the flesh of gods’ and it contains hallucinogenic psilocin toxins. The Aztecs used it for religious experiences because the mushrooms toxin effects the central nervous system causing hallucinations. Symptoms include optical distortions, smothering sensations and unrealistic visions. Mushrooms with hallucinogenic toxins such as the psilocin toxins are used as drugs, depending on the species, but mushrooms containing the psilocybin toxin are much more likely to be fatal upon much smaller doses of consumption.

Some mushrooms such as the Agaricus xanthodermus have gastrointestinal toxins which causes severe digestive upsets. Symptoms include digestive upsets such as nausea, hallucinations or alcohol like intoxication, this type of poisoning is seldom fatal.

There are the exceptions of course, some mushrooms contain different types of toxins such as the Gyromitra Esculenta more commonly known as the False Morel mushroom. This mushroom contain a monomethyl toxin and is responsible for 4% of fatal mushroom poisonings. Mushrooms containing different toxins are the exceptions and the most common and most lethal types of toxins, are mentioned above.

 

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Image: 14

Photographer: Hungary, G

Reference: 

GaborfromHungary, (2009), x [ONLINE]. Available at: http://mrg.bz/55c616 [Accessed 9 August 2016].